RAVEL – Pièce en forme de Habanera – for 4 SOLO CELLOS
Download Contents or Instructions:
PDF 1 – General Score (9 pages in all)
PDF 2 – All Individual cello parts (11 pages in all)
Maurice Ravel (1875-1937) originally composed his “Pièce en forme de Habanera” as ‘Vocalise etude en forme de Habanera’ for bass voice and piano in 1907. The musical material for Vocalise is believed to be derived from Ravel’s opera ‘L ’Heure espagnole’, on which he was working in early 1907.
Ravel’s later named ‘Vocalise – Etude en forme d’Habanera’ may have been reset as a study in contemporary style for students at the Paris Conservatoire, and indeed the demanding vocal line of the piece, with its scales, trills and staccato passages, it is technically challenging.
It is in essence a short song without words. Ravel took as a model the habanera, a slow and sensual Spanish dance. He was fascinated by the music of Spain and used it as the basis for a virtuoso exercise for the bass voice. He later he transcribed the work for cello and piano, a transcription that preserves all the virtuosity of the original, and of this various other arrangements have been made for practically any instrument.
It’s now presented as a cello quartet, a real quartet in all the chamber music realms; generally the first and second parts contain the more melodic importance but all parts contribute in equal importance. This is more suitable for advanced players. Although a score is offered one should know how previously ‘how it goes’ (hear varying performances!) before attempting to rehearse it in quartet – the sense of pulsation and rhythm are especially difficult to unify, but the music can show off the interpretative capabilities of high-level students and professionals!
This version is dedicated to the creative cellist and Professor Maria-Eugenia Maffi as a sign of gratitude for her continual support.
Enjoy the music !
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The following have taken his work onboard, sometimes with special collaborations as composer-arranger-performer: the Philadelphia Orchestra, Orquesta Sinfónica de Euskadi, Orquesta Sinfónica de Venezuela, Orchestre Nouvelle Generation de Montreal, the Gulbenkian Orchestra (Lisbon), Orchestra da Camera del Locarnese (Suiza), The Zagreb Soloists, the Saint Petersburg Musical Theatre “Zazerkalye” Chamber Orchestra, the Wroclaw Chamber Orchestra Leopoldinum (Poland), Auckland Philharmonic Orchestra (New Zealand), Camerata Cambrensis (Basque country), Essener Philharmoniker (Germany), Ensemble Metamorphosis of Belgrade (Serbia), with Ara Malikian (Non Profit Music Chamber Orchestra – Madrid), and a long etc.. Currently, many courses, conservatoires and music schools, university String departments etc. use his repertoire; there are dozens of his arrangements on ‘You Tube’ …
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